Monday, 28 October 2013


Gospel: Luke 14:1. 7-11: Everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and the man who humbles himself will be exalted.

I Reading: Romans 11:1-2.11-12.25-29: Since the rejection of the Jews meant the reconciliation of the world, their admission will mean nothing less than a resurrection from the dead.

The Importance of Humility, Lk 14:7-14

Jesus taught the importance of humility in this passage.

1. Jesus attended a banquet (v.7)

a. He noticed some choosing the best seats

b. He shared a parable

2. The parable: The ambitious guest (v.8-10)

a. The first man: Seeks the place of honour

          1) is displaced

          2) finds all other seats already taken

          3) has to take the lowest seat

          4) is embarrassed

b. The second man: Takes the lowest place of honour

          1) is acknowledged

          2) is rewarded with the higher position

          3) is honoured by all

3. The Parable’s point (v.11)

a. Self-exaltation humbles

b. Humility exalts

4. The demonstration of humility (v.12-14)

a. Humility is not serving those who can repay

b. Humility is serving those who are needy and cannot repay

c. Humility shall be rewarded

Thought: Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up (James 4:10).


Gospel: Luke 14:1-6: Which of you here, if his son falls into a well, or his ox, will not pull him out on a Sabbath day?

1 Reading: Romans 9:1-5: I would willingly be condemned if it could help my brothers.


The Religionists and Their Error, Luke 14:1-6


A chief Pharisee invited Jesus to a meal on the Sabbath. Jesus strongly pointed out the errors of the religionists when they made a plot to entrap Jesus into breaking the Sabbath law. The same errors are common to every generation of religionists.

1.     The religionists watched Jesus critically (v.1)

2.     The religionists overlooked what was really needful (v.2)

3.     The religionists made religious form more important than healing men (v.3)

4.     The religionists refused to confess the truth taught by Jesus (v.4)

5.     The religionists failed to see the inconsistency of their belief and behaviour (v.5)

6.     Conclusion: The religionists were silenced (v.6)

Thought: Religionists are always putting their form and practices of religion before meeting the healing needs of people.

Commemoration of All the Faithful Departed, 2snd November

Gospel: Matthew 25:31-46

I Reading: Wisdom 3:1-9

II Reading: Romans 6:3-9

The Parable of the Sheep and Goats:

The Final Judgement of Nations, Mt 25:31-46

Jesus taught about the final judgement of nations (all nations of people) which will be the judgement of the world through the parable of the sheep and Goats. He judges two types of beings, sheep and goats, not same type of being. The sheep are faithful whereas goats are not faithful and don’t serve Christ.

The only faith that God knows and accepts is the faith that servers Christ by ministering to people. A man who says he has faith and does not ministering to people is only professing faith in Christ. Scripture says, “Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do” (Jas 2:18). God knows no faith apart from good works, that is, apart from ministering to the needs of the  people.

1. The Son of Man is coming to judge (v.31-33)

a. coming in glory

b. coming with angels

c. coming to be enthroned

d. coming to gather all nations

e. coming to separate the nations, both sheep and goats

          1) sheep- favoured seat

          2) goats- unfavoured seat

2. The judgement of sheep will occur (v.34-40)

a. the judge: the king

b. the invitation: come

c. the reward: the kingdom

d. the basis of judgement: ministering to Christ

e. the ministry defined

          1) a humble, instinctive ministry: no thought of reward, only of helping people in need

          2) a ministry to the Lord’s brothers and sisters

3. The judgement of goats will occur (v.41-45)

a. the judgement

          1) cut off from God

          2) eternal fire

b. the basis of judgement

          1) a failure to minister

          2) a selfish life

          3) a spiritual blindness

4. The judgement is for eternity (v.46)

Thought: Selfishness, indulgence, extravagance, hoarding-all that leads to and indicates the neglect of others-will visibly condemn a person when he or she stands before Christ (Mt 19:16-22, 23-24,27-30).

All Saints Day, 1st November

Gospel: Matthew 5:1-12:

I Reading: Revelation 7:2-4,9-14:

II Reading: 1John 3:1-3:


In the year, 609, Pope Boniface IV cleared out the statues of gods and goddesses from the Pantheon (“the house of all the gods) which was propagated by the Roman empire and turned the building into a church which he dedicated to God in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of all saints. This church is still standing.

Famous martyrs and saints were venerated in the church on various dates throughout the world. Today we have millions of saints who are known and unknown to mankind, but well known to God. The number of saints and martyrs goes on increasing day after day, this led the church to establish a feast in their honour on 1st November around 800 A.D. In this feast we praise God for having accomplished his salvation in so many people.

The Holy Spirit moved the church to establish this feast for a double purpose:

1) To praise God for having completed his salvation in so many of our Christian brothers and sisters throughout world.

2) To encourage those still living on earth to persevere faithful to Christ inspite of human weakness, temptation and persecution.

Their message from heaven today is:

Do not lose discourage; remember that we were just what you are, weak, and sinful people. Yet we were saved by God’s power and love. Keep up the struggle; we are here to lend you a helping hand with our prayer to God. There is a fabulous reward ready for you too here.

1. Every Christian is a saint in the making.

Paul does not hesitate to call his Christians “saints”:

From Paul…to you all, who are God’s beloved in Rome, called to be saints.” (Rom 1, 1.7; 1Cor 1,1.2; 2Cor 13,12).

In today’s second reading, John points out why Christians may rightly be called “saints” while still on earth, inspite of human weakness:

a. We, Christians are truly God’s children at Baptism (1Jn 3:1).

b. We are destined to be with God forever and to be like him (1Jn 3:2-3).

We Christians ought to consider ourselves at all times, “saints in the making” that is, people striving to become holy.

2. Neither human weakness nor suffering nor persecution should discourage Christians from striving after holiness:

The Book of Revelation teaches us about the sacrificial life and witnessing life of the people having faith in Jesus.

a) The first reason why we should not get discouraged is that we have already been chosen to be saved: Ex 39:30- Consecrated to Yahweh. Ez 9:4-T=Greek “Tau”, resemble a cross.

b) Ours is a numerous family; it runs into millions; we should pluck up courage at the thought that so many of our brothers and sisters are ready to give us a helping hand:

The Book of Revelation speaks of 144,000 people assigned by the angel, that is 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes of Israel.

We all form part of the new people of Israel; those who will, shall be saved (Rom 11:30-32).

c) Suffering, persecution, difficulties should spur us on to greater faithfulness, not discourage us:

In the first reading of John’s vision- saw a large crowd dressed in white tunics bearing palms in their hands, a symbol of victory during the time of Nero the Roman emperor. The second Baptism is the shedding of his/her blood for Christ which cleanses a person from all sin.

d) The great reward ready for us in heaven ought to encourage us to be faithful to Christ: Revelation, the last verses of the first reading 7: 15, 17 have been left out. They beautifully show what our reward in heaven will be like:

3. Christians are lucky people: Because the kingdom of God belongs to them by their faith and by their witnessing life for Christ and for his church.

Hence our weakness stand in the way of our becoming saints, yet we have very reason to be optimistic that we shall succeed. Suffering, temptation and persecution should not a hindrance to our salvation. All we have to do, is to walk on earth with our eyes fixed on the fabulous reward God has in store for us in heaven.


The True Disciple: Who He is and His Reward (The Beatitudes), Mt 5:1-12

The Beatitudes of our Lord are powerful, holding before the world a descriptive picture of the true disciple of God. Seldom people have been spoken with so much meaning in the history of the world.

The Beatitudes cover the glorious hope and reward the believer can expect, now as well as in eternity.

1. Jesus saw crowds (v.1-2)

a. Setting: Mountain

b. Posture: Set-Ready

c. Audience: Disciples

d. Purpose: To teach and prepare

e. Blessed

2. The poor in spirit: Given the kingdom of Heaven (v.3)

3. Those who mourn: Comforted

4. The meek: Inherit the earth (v.5)

5. Those who hunger and thirst for righteousness: Filled (v.6)

6. The merciful: Obtain mercy (v.7)

7. The pure in heart: See God (v. 8)

8. The peacemakers: Called the children of God (v.9)

9. The persecuted: Given the kingdom of Heaven (v.10-12)

a. The persecution

          1) Reviled and insulted

          2) Slandered and lied against

          3) Persecuted and hurt

b. The behaviour expected: Joy

c. The reason for joy

          1) Great reward

          2) Great examples: The prophets

Thought: Being filled means “to be filled with the Spirit” or “to be led by the Spirit” (Eph 5:18). “The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace…”(Gal 5:22-23).





Gospel: Luke 13:31-35: It would not be right for a prophet to die outside Jerusalem.

I Reading: Romans 8:31-39: No created thing can ever come between us and the love of God made visible in Christ.  


The Tragic Rejection of Jesus, Lk 13:31-35

Jesus Christ has always been rejected and opposed by people. This passage deals with persons who rejected Jesus Christ.

  1. Some Pharisees warned Jesus about a plot to kill Him (v.31).
  2. The rejection by political leaders (v.31-33)

a.     His ministry will be completed

b.    His walk today, tomorrow and the day after “must continue”

c.      His death must be diligently pursued in Jerusalem

  1. The rejection by the religionists and the people (v.34)

a.     They killed God’s prophets and messengers

b.    They rejected the Messiah’s salvation

  1. The warning to all those who reject Jesus (v.35)

a.     They will be forsaken by God

b.    There will be a day when Jesus will return and rule supremely

Thought: How many of us know the divine necessity of God to witness? How many of us walk today and tomorrow under the direction (divine necessity) of God?


Gospel: Luke 13:20-30: Men from east and west will come to take their places in the kingdom of God.

I Reading: Romans 8:26-30: By turning everything to their good God co-operates with all those who love him.

The Saved Discussed, Lk 13:22-30

Who are the saved? Will many be saved? Jesus Christ answers these questions in this passage. He answers them to challenge us so that we will make sure we are saved.

1. Jesus journey toward Jerusalem (v.22-23)

a. Taught in the cities and villages

b. Along the way someone questioned Jesus about salvation

2. The saved make every effort to enter the narrow door (v.24)

3. The saved act soon enough: A man can move too late (v.25)

4. The saved are not the citizens of so-called Christian nations nor members of certain fellowships (v.26)

5. The saved shall be separated from the lost, and the lost shall see them enter God’s kingdom (v.27-28)

6. The saved will come from all nations and classes of society (v.29-30)

Thought: Birth and ritual are not enough to save a person (circumcision and baptism) but those who seek after the Lord for personal salvation or community salvation and do the will of God.


Gospel: Luke 13:18-21: The Seed grew and became a tree.

I Reading: Romans 8:18-25: The whole creation is eagerly waiting for God to reveal his sons.

The Parables of the Mustard Seed and Yeast (Leaven):

The Kingdom of God, Lk 13:18-21

Jesus taught about the kingdom of God through this parable which people needed to understand fully.

1. The kingdom of God illustrated (v.17)

2. It is like a mustard seed (v.19)

a. It is planted by God

          1) a seed

          2) in His garden

b. It grows to be great

c. It is lodging for all

3. It is like yeast (leaven) working in bread (v.20-21)

a. It is taken and placed in meal

b. It works until the whole is changed

Thought: The purpose of the kingdom is to work like yeast, that is, to change the whole an individual and of society itself.

The kingdom or gospel is deliberately taken and placed into the world. The kingdom and the gospel of God are not by chance.


Gospel: Luke 13: 10-17: This woman, a daughter of Abraham-was it not right to untie her bonds on the Sabbath day?

I Reading: Romans 8:12-17: The Spirit you received is the spirit of sons, and it makes us cry out, “Abba, Father!”

People vs. Religion: Which is more important? Lk 13:10-17

We should not place any religion before human’s real need. Every human person is very important and above all things in the world. Jesus met the needs of the woman who had been crippled by a spirit for eighteen years and He healed her completely on Sabbath day.

1. Jesus taught in the Synagogue on the Sabbath (v.10)

2. The woman was a worshipper of God (v.11-13)

a. She was worshipping

b. She had a curvature of the spine

c. She was seen and called by Jesus

d. She received Jesus’ word and touch

e. She glorified God  first

3. The ruler (religionist) was a worshipper of God (v.14-16)

a. He became angry with the people

b. He corrupted God’s word

c. He rejected Christ

d. He was hypocritical

          1) He placed animals above people

          2) He placed religion above people

4. The effect of Jesus’ works and words (v.17)

a. The opponents: were humiliated

b. The crowds: Rejoiced

Thought: Jesus was worshipping on the Sabbath, doing exactly what He should have been doing. She sought to draw near the Lord for deliverance, whereas the man only practiced his ceremony and ritual.

Saturday, 26 October 2013

30th Sunday in Ordinary Time-C

I Reading Ecclesiasticus 35:12-14.16-19: : The humble man’s prayer pierces the clouds.

II Reading: 2 Timothy 4:6-8.16-18: All there is to come now is the crown of righteousness reserved for me.

Gospel: Luke 18:9-14: The publican went home at rights with God; the Pharisee did not.

The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax-Collector:

The Spirit Needed for Prayer, Lk 18:9-14

Today’s readings invites us to reflect and examine on oneself, God and neighbours. What is the quality of my prayer? What is the quality of my Christian life? What idea do I have of myself, of God and of my neighbour? Let us search the answers to our questions in today’s gospel. Our attitude towards ourselves, God and neighbour must be based with humility and unworthiness on a deep conviction of God’s love, mercy, faithfulness and forgiveness. The Pharisee with his pride and self-righteousness praised God first then turned to praise himself more than God that he is fasting twice in a week and giving alms and comparing himself not like a sinner. Finally Jesus condemned the pride and self-righteous Pharisee and praised the tax-collector for his humility, God fearing life, unworthiness and accepting himself as he is as a sinner and asking God’s mercy, love, forgiveness and blessings by his penance, repentance and cries. The sinner thought that only God his saviour and He can save him alone; whereas the Pharisee thought that his fasting twice in a week and alms giving will save him which was his wrong concept about God. Finally Jesus concludes the parable by telling us that the tax collector left the Temple “at rights with God”(v.14), that is, a friend of God once again , filled with the peace and joy which God’s forgiveness brings; whereas the Pharisee went back home farther from God than when he came, with his pride and his sins as his only companions.

St. Paul saw himself as the object of God’s love, mercy, faithfulness, forgiveness, generous heart, divine power and strength in the time of trails, temptations, tribulations, suffering and persecution.

In the gospel passage two striking things are seen-both the spirit needed for prayer and the spirit needed for one to be saved.

1. A parable of warning (v.9)

a. To the self-righteous

b. To those who despise or look down on other people

2. The scene: Two men are praying in the temple (v.10)

a. One is a Pharisee

b. One is a sinner

3. The religionist prays (v.11-12)

a. He stands-prays only with himself

b. He thanks God for making him what he is

c. He rededicates himself-he reaffirms his commitment

4. The Sinner prays (v.13)

a. He stands “at a distance”

b. He feels unworthy to face God

c. He cries for mercy

5. The major lesson: Justification (v.14)

a. A humble approach is heard

b. A proud approach is not heard

Thought: The scandalous sinner is the one justified in the sight of God because of two reasons:

1. he acknowledges his sinfulness and unworthiness

2. he cries for God to have mercy.

Whereas a proud approach is not heard (Lk 14:11- For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exacted). A man’s pride bring him low, but a man of lowly spirit gains honour (Prov 29:23).

Monday, 21 October 2013


Gospel: Luke 13:1-9: Unless you repent you will all perish as they did.

I Reading: Romans 8:1-11: The Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you.

The Truth about Suffering and Sin:

The Great Need for All to Repent, Lk 13:1-9

Why do people suffer? Most people think their suffering is due to some great sin they have committed and that God is punishing them because they have been such great sinners. But Christ gave the new and true meaning to suffering in life.

1. Men do don’t suffer because they are greater sinners than others (v.1-5)

a. Event 1: The latest news of a horrible murderous event

          1) did not suffer because they were great sinners

          2) all must repent or perish

b. Event 2: The latest news of a terrible tragedy

          1) did not suffer because they were great sinners

          2) all must repent or perish

2. Men must bear fruit or else they will perish (v.6-9)

a. The fig tree’s privilege: in the vineyard

b. The fig tree’s purpose: to bear fruit

c. The day for reaping came  

          1) found no fruit

          2) found that the tree was using up space on the ground and producing nothing

d. The mercy of God

          1) gave another chance

          2) fertilized and fed

e. The judgement was based on fruit

Thought: Suffering is not always due to greater sins but a mystery.

(Mt 7:4; Acts 28:4; 1Cor 1:3-11; Rom 3:1-18; Gal 5:19-21)